US must move away from sanctions addiction: Iran’s nuclear chief – political news
Mohammad Eslami delivered a speech at the 65th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna on Monday.
Here is the text of his speech:
“Mr. President, Director General, Excellencies,
Ladies and gentlemen,
It is a great pleasure for me to join the 65th regular session of the IAEA General Conference as the new head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran. I congratulate you, Mr. President, on your election as President of this important event. I wish you every success and assure you of the full support and cooperation of my delegation in fulfilling your mandate.
Iran’s nuclear experience dates back to the mid-1950s and in 1958 Iran joined the IAEA. Since the 1960s, Iran began to work on nuclear R&D, and its first nuclear research center was established in the mid-1960s. In the early 1970s, Iran planned to build nuclear reactors, and for this, many experts and technicians have been trained in highly qualified research and training centers around the world. The Bushehr Power Plant is the first operational nuclear power plant in Iran.
The inevitable upward trend in energy demand, as well as the similar growing preference for an increased reliance on clean and secure sources, as well as other growing demands in areas such as health, medicine , water, food and agriculture, and manufacturing in general, are all facts of our life; however, the challenges go beyond partnering to meet them using technological advancements.
There is an urgent need for the international community to collectively take action to address emerging challenges. Turning a blind eye to difficult problems is not a viable option and such a policy of ignorance would gradually backfire on us all in the long run.
The Agency, in accordance with its Statute, has a mandate to assist Member States in developing the peaceful use of nuclear energy without discrimination. The Agency is also empowered to strengthen the area of technical cooperation with due regard to the needs and priorities of Member States and, as such, to help them achieve their sustainable development goals through the sharing of knowledge and expertise. ‘experience and transfer of technologies and equipment without any kind of discrimination and political objectives. Areas within the realm of peaceful nuclear activities, which are the responsibility of the IAEA, can certainly be strengthened through our collective efforts and cooperation.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which was concluded to remove obstacles to Iran’s progress, is a clear example of Iran’s goodwill that the United States has not only violated with total disregard, but also by their unilateral policies, violated the provisions of the JCPOA and UNSCR 2231 and withdrew from the agreement. The so-called maximum pressure policy was doomed to failure and the US administration would have to abandon its dependence on unilateral sanctions and respect international law.
As a result of these unilateral policies, the United States violated the text and spirit of the JCPOA and UNSCR 2231 and withdrew from the agreement.
Sadly, the United States was not enough to reimpose its previously lifted unilateral sanctions, but has also exerted and continues to exert pressure on others, whether public or private, to follow suit, in defiance of UNSCR 2231 (2015). These pressures and sanctions are not necessarily limited to trade-related matters, but also extended to peaceful and humanitarian applications of nuclear science and technology, even by imposing sanctions on radiopharmaceutical production facilitates and the Iranian nuclear regulator. , in contradiction with the letters and the spirit of the Statute of the IAEA. Such irresponsible and inhumane behavior on the part of the United States is endangering the lives of hundreds of thousands of patients in urgent need of these radiopharmaceuticals.
Despite all the difficulties, the Islamic Republic of Iran, promised and assured by the other parties of the respect of their commitments, has decided to remain in the agreement and to continue to work constructively and closely with the Agency, while not benefiting from the agreement. This fact has been verified by the IAEA 15 consecutive times.
Although Iran has always cooperated with the Agency, at the same time, there is a need for the IAEA to avoid politicization and maintain its independence, impartiality and professionalism.
In this context, only after about two and a half years of continued proliferation of inclusive economic sanctions against different sectors of the Iranian economy by the United States and the lack of practical actions on the part of the E3 / EU to meet their commitments, On December 2, 2020, the Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran passed a law requiring the government to cease implementation of all verification and monitoring activities beyond Iran’s Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement , in the event of continued non-compliance by the participants in the agreement within two months of the entry into force of the law.
Now is the time to rectify the bad policies and first remove all sanctions in a practical, effective and verifiable way.
His Excellency Ayatollah Dr Seyyed Ebrahim Raisi, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, said his government wants results-oriented negotiations, with the aim of lifting the unfair pressures and sanctions imposed on the Iranian nation.
Let me now briefly develop our position on other issues related to the activities of the Agency under its statutes.
As stated in several decisions and resolutions approved by the General Conference, any attack against nuclear installations used for peaceful purposes is contrary to international law and all armed attacks against nuclear installations dedicated for peaceful purposes should be explicitly prohibited. Unfortunately, the inaction of the United Nations and the IAEA in the face of terrorist acts perpetrated against peaceful nuclear installations has encouraged their perpetrators to continue and even increase their blatant disregard for the most fundamental principles of international law and the Charter of United Nations. It is absolutely imperative that the Agency deal immediately with this issue in order to protect not only nuclear facilities against such actions or threats, but also the credibility of the Agency.
We reiterate our conviction that the main remedy for the existing threats from nuclear weapons lies in complete and verifiable nuclear disarmament. We call for the full implementation of Article VI of the NPT and express our deep regret that not only nuclear-weapon States persist in retaining their arsenals and delivery vehicles, but also that some of them are ‘are actively trying to modernize them.
The success of achieving global security depends above all on effective compliance by nuclear-weapon States with their NPT obligations, including by abandoning discriminatory approaches and policies. We believe, as a matter of principle, that the meaningful promotion of global and regional peace and stability depends, among other things, on disarmament alongside the strengthening of the non-proliferation regime.
Iran, as the initiator of the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East since 1974, reiterates its deep concern over Israel’s underground military nuclear program. Unfortunately, despite the adoption of the NPT Review Conference resolution in 1995 and subsequent action plans in 2000 and 2010, the Zionist regime has still not brought its nuclear activities and facilities under control. The Agency’s Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement, continued its terrorist acts against peaceful nuclear facilities, assassinated nuclear scientists and thereby endangering the stability and security of the region as well as the integrity and credibility of the NPT and the ‘IAEA.
Nuclear safety has always been one of our highest priorities and we attach great importance to strengthening the relevant safety rules. The Islamic Republic of Iran reaffirms that the responsibility for nuclear safety and security rests entirely with Member States.
At the same time, Iranian nuclear safety regulations have established good cooperation and assistance links with the IAEA, which we sincerely appreciate their support. Iran also pledged to build on lessons learned from other countries, including by actively participating and organizing workshops and technical meetings in this regard.
With regard to nuclear security, we believe that the measures taken should neither hinder international cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear activities, nor undermine the responsibilities established by the Agency within the framework of its technical cooperation program. We believe that the problems associated with terrorism and cyber attacks are the most important threats to nuclear security. Acts of sabotage and terrorism against nuclear installations must be condemned by the Agency and its Member States. As you know, the facilities in my country subject to IAEA safeguards have been subjected to sabotage and terrorist attacks on several occasions. It is clear that Iran will defend itself in all possible ways and means, but it is necessary for the world community to unequivocally and firmly condemn and take a stand on the act of terrorism against nuclear installations under safeguards.
In conclusion, we look forward to the day when the motto of the peaceful use of nuclear energy for all and nuclear weapons for no one will be universally recognized and materialized. This message, if realized, would accelerate and broaden the contribution of atomic energy to world peace, health and prosperity.
I would also like to point out that Iran is the cradle of civilization and a peace-loving country that has historically contributed to global science and technology. In this context, we are determined to continue our nuclear program and activities which are exclusively for peaceful purposes and as our President declared at the SHANGHAI Summit on September 17, 2021, “nothing can stop Iranian peaceful nuclear activities. which will be carried out within the framework of international rules and regulations ”.
Thank you Mr. Chairman.